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Rajputana Homes
Swaroop Rathore

Khamma ghani/ Hello/ Namaste, i am here to take you for a beautiful journey. I made this blog to introduce you to Rajputana, its vast traditio...

Jewellery & Fashion

Kundan Jewellery - The story of refined gold ornament

Khamma Ghani/ Namaste/ Hello


Welcome again to my space “Rajputana Homes”, since its season of marriages I thought of writing a blog that related to bridal favourite(mine too J) of the season, Rajasthani Jewellery.


Rajputana (Rajasthan) has been famous for its history, culture and tradition. Jewellery has been an eminent part of this great heritage; from kings to queens to all of the people of Rajputana (Rajasthan) everyone has extensively used jewellery to share their royal taste.



One of the most important part of jewellery collection in Rajputana (Rajasthan) is the “Kundan Jewellery”, no jewellery collection is considered to be complete without the “Kundan Jewellery”. This form of jewellery making is considered to be developed in Royal courts of Rajputana (Rajasthan) and its neighbouring cities of Gujarat, it is also considered to be the oldest art form of jewellery making in India.


The Kundan Jewellery is also known as Kundan Keshari, Jaipuri Jewellery or Bikaneri Jewellery (Jaipur has been particularly famous as centre of Kundan jewellery in India), which is known for its Kundan setting and use of vivid colours in the design. Making Kundan Jewellry is a unique art form in itself which requires great skills to blend in the purest form of molten gold (Kundan is the name given to purest form of gold) with gems to create a masterpiece which has been flaunted with pride by its owners for centuries.



The making


The process of making a Kundan art piece is very unique in itself; it takes a very fine craftsmanship and labour to create a masterpiece. The beauty of the art form lies in the perfect blend of Nobel metal with colourful stones.  






The creation of Kundan Jewellery is a specialised work carried out by craftsmen having key skills to enhance the beauty of the ornament at each step of the process. Craftsmen specialised in making the basic designs are known as “Chiterias”, engraving and making holes are done by “Ghaarias”, stones are set into the metal by “Jadiyas” (Stone setters) and Meenakari or Enameling is done by “Sunar” (goldsmith or enameller). 


The process starts with step named “Ghaat” in this step a skeleton framework of the design is created. The framework is then filled with lac or Laakh (a natural resin) and moulded according to the design; this step is known as “Paadh”. The next steps in which gemstones are laid on gold or metal framework is known as “Khudai”.


The edges are filled in the next step to give strength to the ornament; the trend has recently changed to the claw setting though people still prefer the traditional way and finish. Once everything is in place “Meenakari” follows which involves refining which brings up the details of the design. “Pakai” is the step where everything is joined together followed by “Chillai” where gems are polished.



The art of Kundan is not only limited to Jewellery i.e Necklaces, Bracelets, Earings, Anklets aand Rings etc, but is also very famous in Designer sarees, Lehengas (clothes for bride and groom), Marble inlay, Furniture, architecture and Home décor etc.




How to shop for Kundan Jewellery


1. Always check the Jewellery for stamps of maker it helps to avoid risk of fake.

2. If Jewellery turns black or green after some time it is not gold.

3. If you bought silver Jewellery it will turn black after a few days, if it doesn’t it is fake.

4. Hold a magnet close to the ornament. Jewellery is fake it gets attracted.

5. Get latest prices of Kundan work verified from different seller before purchase.


How to take care of your Kundan Jewellery


1. Always use a soft cloth to clean the surface of the Jewellery or it will lose the shine soon. Never use water.

2. Eraser can also be used to remove sweat marks or any other marks from the Jewellery.

3. Keeping silica pouch in your Jewellery box it will keep it from tarnishing and cracking.

4. Always put-on your Jewellery after applying makeup and perfume.

5. Always keep your Jewellery in dust free container.

6. Wrap your Jewellery in soft cloth before storing to prevent oxidisation.



*Best Places to buy kundan Jewellery Jaipur and Bikaner, Especially Johari Bazaar Jaipur.


So next time you come to Jaipur try check the beauty of gold at its bestsmiley.......and make sure you write to me about your experiences at