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Rajputana Homes
Swaroop Rathore

Khamma ghani/ Hello/ Namaste, i am here to take you for a beautiful journey. I made this blog to introduce you to Rajputana, its vast traditio...

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Festival of Gangaur

Khamma Ghani to all,

 

Here I am with new blog about holy festival celebrated in the state of Rajasthan the festival of Gangaur.

 

Rajasthan is famous among the tourists for a number of reasons. The variety of attractions in Rajasthan offers a great tour to everyone. Though there are a number of other attractions in Jaipur in the form of majestic forts and palaces but one can hardly ignore the importance of fairs and festivals. The Gangaur Festival in Jaipur is one of the most popular festivals of Rajasthan. Held two weeks after Holi (Festival of Colour) every year, this festival is visited by a large number of tourists from various parts of the world.

 

Gangaur is a colourful and one of the most important festivals for the people of Rajputana and the festivities are observed throughout the state by great enthusiasm and devotion by women from various walks of life. The festival is celebrated in devotion of goddess “Gowri” the consort of Lord “Shiva” the name Gangaur comes from Ghana and Gauri, Ghana is a synonym for lord Shiva and God represents “Gouri  Parvathi” which symbolises marital bliss soubhagya.

 

In Jaipur, a sweet dish called a “Ghewar” is characteristic of the Gangaur festival. People buy “Ghewar” to eat and distribute it among their friends and relatives.

 

The festival is celebrated by married and unmarried women both, unmarried woman worship Gangaur for being blessed with a good husband on the other hand married women worship the Goddess for the Welfare, health and long life of their husbands, also for a long happily married life. The festival has spread across India in the states of kolkata and West Bengal as many people from Rajasthan migrated to the states many years back.

 

Rites and rituals

 

First day of Chaitra is the day when the festival commences and continuous for 16 days usually it is the day following the “Holi” festival. For the newly wedded girl it is a binding tradition to observe the festival for the full course of 18 days on the 1st occurrence of the festival which succeeds her marriage. Even the unmarried girls fast for 18 days and eat only one meal a day to get a desired husband.

 

The ladies both married and unmarried decorate their hands and feet by applying “Mehndi” of various designs. The designs are mostly I'm inspired by sun moon flowers and other geometrical designs. Those Women, who keep the fast, carry “Ghudlias” (illuminated lamps) every evening, from the 7th day after “Holi” and sing songs of “Ghudlia”, on the way they carry small present’s cash and seeds given by the people given residing in the area. This continuous for 10 days up to the conclusion of Gangaur festival after this the women break their pots and throw the debris into the water which marks the end of the festival.

 

Gangor fairs are held throughout 18 days across the state of Rajasthan. Images of “iiser” (Goddess) and “Parvati” (Goddess) made from clay there are traditional art for the festival. Wooden images are painted every year; the paint applied to the idols is called “Matheran”. The major difference between the “Teej” and Gangaur festival Idol is that the idol has a canopy during the “Teej” festival while in Gangaur bridal does not have any kind of canopy.

 

Gauri's Departure the Procession

 

The festival reaches its climax during the last three days. The images of “Gauri” and “iisar” are dressed in new garments especially made for the occasion. Unmarried girls and married women decorate the images and make them look like living figures. A procession, with the image of “Gauri”, commences from the “Zanani-Deodhi” of the City Palace. It then passes through Tripolia Bazaar, Chhoti Chaupar, Gangauri Bazaar, Chaugan stadium and finally converges near the Talkatora. People from all walks of life come to witness the procession.

 

At an auspicious hour in the afternoon, a procession is taken out to a garden, bawdi or johad or well with the images of “Isar” and “Gauri”, placed on the heads of married women. Songs are sung about the departure of “Gauri” to her husband's house. The procession comes back after offering water to the first two days. On the final day, she faces in the same direction as “Isar” and the procession concludes in the consignment of the all images in the waters of a tank or a well. The women bid farewell to “Gauri” and turn their eyes and the Gangaur festival comes to an end.

 

Instruction for Visitors coming for Gangaur

 

The City is poured in with the guests in the festival time so it is always good to book your tour as soon as possible and head for a truly exciting tour.

Book a space in Advance from where you can have a view of whole procession; it will be better if you have some local help with you so you can enjoy every aspect of the festival.

 

Keep good care of your belongings, the crowd gathering is high on this day so it is better to travel light and take good care of your belongings.

 

Keep kids close as they may get separated in the crowd.

 

Keep some eatables and water as the festival takes time to conclude and most of the shops on the procession path are closed.

 

Date and Timing

 

The date for the festival is not specific it depends on the date of Holi festival (Celebrated in March), though the procession is carried out in the evening of the festival date. For knowing the exact date, of the festival you can ping me anytime.

 

The trip to this Gangaur Festival will be a memorable experience for sure. Do write to me if you need any guidance at swaroop89@gmail.com.